Projet de renforcement de la résilience par le biais de services lies à l’innovation, à la communication et aux connaissances (bricks)








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Projet de renforcement de la résilience par le biais de services lies à l’innovation, à la communication et aux connaissances (bricks)



ETUDE DE RECUEIL DES MEILLEURES PRATIQUES EN MATIERE DE GESTION DURABLE DES TERRES EN VUE DE LEUR DIFFUSION

Catalogue n°4 : Bonnes pratiques de foresterie et agroforesterie

Avril 2016



Centre d’Etude, de Formation et de Conseil

en Développement (CEFCOD)

11 BP 645 OUAGADOUGOU CMS 11

TEL : 25 37 60 57/70 25 01 31

Email : cefcode@fasonet.bf ; cefcode@yahoo.fr

SOMMAIRE

Tableau  : Afforestation and Re-vegetation



Designations

Technical information, institutional, cultural, economic, etc

1

Common name of the Good Practice (GP)

Afforestation and Re-vegetation

2

Local name of the GP

-

3

Person/ Institution in partnership (First name, family name, address, phone, fax, mail, e-mail)

Asher Nkegbe

UNCCD National Focal Point

Environmental Protection Agency

+233 20 829 4658

ashernkegbe@yahoo.com

Macdana Yunus

Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources

0244024888

macdanayunus@yahoo.com

4

Scale of intervention (1 = town /sub-prefecture, 2 = province / prefecture, 3 = region / district /circle, 4 = national)

Region/district/circle

5

Category of GP (1 = Good technological Practices  ; 2 = Good socio-organizational Practices)

Good socio-organizational practice

6

Type of GP (is it conservation of water and soil?)

Conservation of water, soil and biodiversity

7

Domain of activities covered by the GP (1 = Agriculture ; 2 = Livestock ; 3 = Environment ; 4 = Others (to be defined)

Agriculture and environment


8

Environmental conditions of the implementation (agro-ecological zones of application)

Forest, Forest Savannah Transition, Guinea and Sudan Savannah zones

9

Objectives of the good practice in connection with the Sustainable land management (GDT), the naturel resource (RN) and the CC

  • Aims at controlling erosion on gullied land, road embankments and replenishing construction sites, mine spoils and areas cleared by patch cutting.

  • To provide cover, recycle nutrients, add organic matter to the soil and improve soil structure

10

Description of human’s environment /gender (nature of famers practicing GP)

Individuals farmers, farmer groups and communities


11

Type of soil where Good Practice is applied / environmental conditions (watershed)

All degraded lands and forest free communities


12

Type of utilization lands in connection with the Good Practice (cultivated fields, pasturage, forests, mixed…)


Cultivated fields, pasturage and Forests


13

Description of GP

  • Generally involves a mixture of plant species, grasses, legumes, shrubs and trees

  • Also involves planting grasses and forbs by broadcast seeding

  • Woody species (such as Cedrella ordorata, Gliricidia sepium, Leucaena leucocephala) are planted either by spot seeding or as cuttings.

  • Grasses, forbs and woody plants may all be established by transplanting which provides a quick method of obtaining ground cover but weeding to be undertaken when there is inadequate moisture in the soil

14

Type of land degradation problems or of RN (natural resource), which GP addresses

  • Mining and construction degraded sites

  • Overgrazed lands

  • Arid lands

  • Soil infertility, poor soil nutrients and moisture

15

Type of actors (1= carriers ; 2 = Actors of technical supports ; 3 = Financial actors)

Carriers, actors of technical support and financial actors


16

Targeted communities

  1. Local authority

  2. Set of local authorities

  3. Organisation of producers

  4. Organisation of women

  5. Organisation of youth

  6. Private

  7. Others

Local authorities

Organization of producers

Organization of women

Organization of youth

Private

Other (individual farmers)


17

Manner in which GP fights land degradation

  • Adds organic matter to the soil through litter fall

  • Recycles nutrients and improves soil fertility

  • Controls erosion

  • Rehabilitates degraded and marginal lands

18

Level of technical knowledge required to implement GP

  • Tree planting

  • Mid-level agronomic practices

19

Illustrations :Photographs, drawings, diagrams, etc.

c:\users\yazeedu\documents\consultances\new folder\pics\img_20160309_113040.jpgc:\users\yazeedu\documents\consultances\new folder\pics\img_20160309_113157.jpg

20

Practical pieces of advice of implementation

  • Not compatible with extensive animal husbandry system

  • Fencing may be necessary in areas of extensive animal husbandry

  • Availability of plant species is necessary

  • Adequate labour supply and other inputs

21

Advantages / effects / impacts

  • Creates conducive environment for soil microbial activity

  • Enhances infiltration and conserves soil moisture

  • Improves soil nutrients, fertility and cover

  • Provides quick method of obtaining ground water

  • Adds organic matter to soil, improves soil structure and provides alternative livelihoods associated with forestry.

22

Constraints to the implementation of GP

  • Extensive animal husbandry poses threats to survival of trees

  • Bush and wildfires also wipe trees and other plants

  • Labour requirement is intense

  • High cost of other inputs such as land and seedlings

  • Land tenure hinders long term investment in lands

23

Measures necessary for lifting constraints

  • Intensive animal husbandry or fencing may be appropriate

  • Construction of fire belts around and within the farm

  • Communal labour or assistance

  • Farmers should try to grow the seedlings

  • Favourable land tenure system and arrangement to minimize risk of tenancy.

24

Cost of achievement

Seedlings GHS 2000/ha

Labour GHS 500/ha

Land clearing and belt construction GHS 400/ha

25

Scale in the dissemination process and sustainability (1= initial, 2= maturity ; 3 = lethargy)

Maturity


26

Recommendations for the dissemination of GP

Engagement with government and nongovernmental agencies

Documentaries, training and interaction with farmer associations

27

Bibliographic reference(s)

Boahen P., Dartey, B.A., Dogbe, G.D., Boadi, A., Triomohe, B., Daamgard-Lassen, S., and Ashburner, J. (2007). Conservation Agriculture as Practised in Ghana. Nairobi, African Conservation Tillage Network, centre de cooperation international de Recherche Agronomique pour le Development. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

EPA (2011). Manual/Guidelines for Proven SLM Technologies for Landusers and Extension Service Providers. Environmental Protection Agency, Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology, Accra, Ghana.

Ofori, C. S. (1996). A Case study on sustainable land management in shallot farming in the Anloga District of Ghana. A Report to the Food and Agricultural Organization of the UN Regional Office for Africa, Accra, Ghana.
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