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Mulumba Dido (Belgium, 7/2) believes that the consultation is a good initiative, provided everybody can participate. Small to medium-sized non-governmental organisations in particular are often confronted with a lack of means, which prevented them from participating fully in previous initiatives. Dido therefore wishes that Africans and Europeans work together in a spirit of transparency, mutual respect and, above all, distributive justice.
Hamidou Seko (Bénin, 8/2) is convinced that neither European nor African leaders by themselves will be able to find solutions to problems experienced by their populations. Therefore, public consultation in this EU-AU strategy process is essential. Certain doubts and questions remain: whether efforts to cooperate are sufficient and sincere; how civil society can really influence key decision makers; and what to retain from the strategies that were developed earlier (e.g. NEPAD), including in terms of civil society’s participation.
10. Joel - March 12, 2007
This is just a way of getting African people minds and support over our ressources,Europe has find out that Africa new generation knows exactly how Europe or the West came to exploit our minerals leaving us pennies so now they changing a new strategy to consult specially Africans before they make sign new legal contracts to get access to our oil reserves.,the time is of such plans is over,we young generation won’t allow this kind of domination over us.
Europe missed its time and era which she could have come up mutual business propostions.
Could now Europe show positives signs of change by just stopping supporting dictators in Africa?
Could now Europe start denounce having proxy regime in Africa? otherwise its just the same game no change,thank you.
11. Stephen Orubor - March 14, 2007
The advent of this era of policy formulation in the history of EU-Africa relations chiefly characterised by the participation of non state actors on both continents signals the gradual awakening of EU institutions and officials alike and their counterparts in Africa to the sublime merits of, and hence indispensability of the horizontal model of development in contradistinction to the top-down , state-state approach that has been the abidng hallmark of past processes of development policy formulation, implementation and appraisal in relations between the two continents that are closely bound together by geographical and historical ties.
The past spectres of development policy formulation and the substance of the policies that emerged from the crucibles of such processes merely robbed the sublime principle of ownership as stridently stressed in such policies and agreement as the Cotonou agreement, the European neighbourhood policy and the recently adopted EU strategy for Africa of its essence. It is salutary and most welcome therefore, that for the first time in the annals of EU-Africa policy formulation, that non state actors and individuals alike, both veritable stakeholders in the development co-operation process are afforded the opportunity to fully buy-in to the letters and spirit of the envisaged joint EU-Africa Strategy. This novel process will expectedly result in the formulation of a strategy that will be both people driven and focused.A strategy whose epicentre will, shorn of the deft strokes of political expediency and adhoc manouvrings that has characterised past EU-Africa development co-operation policies, be the enthronement of policies and programmes in all spheres of EU-Africa co-operation- (trade or aid).
However, it will be expedient to mutely sound a note of caution here.We should not be swept away or engulfed by the rare feeling of estactic euphoria occassioned by this novel approach. To my mind, vigilance should be, and rightly so, should remain the watchword till the Lisbon Summit is held and a joint EU-Africa strategy that mirrors the essence of the result of the public consultation emerges from the crucible thereof.We should not be lulled into a state of populist triumphalism.Political wrangling and resort to all sorts of antics that epitomises economic and political expediency may sadly assume centre stage at Lisbon.
12. Islamic Relief Worldwide - March 16, 2007
EU strategy for Africa
The joint EU – AU Africa strategy offers great opportunities for African civil society to determine their own affairs but also enormous threats if the consultation is not effective.
African CSOs and faith-based organisations should feature prominently in any efforts to improve governance, a key to poverty reduction and sustainable development. Their potential is enormous, and often largely unutilised. Faith-based organisations in particular stand close to the communities they serve – and have long been ignored. In countries with poorly functioning governments, these organisations have a dual role to play. First, they are often able to fill the gaps left by unwilling or unable governments. Second, they voice the opinion of ordinary people. Clearly the EU should find additional resources to support Southern National NGOs and Community Based Organisations as a key to promoting good governance.
But also donor coordination and harmonization is essential, especially given that the EU contributes around 50% of global ODA. However, not only the attempts to improve coordination with other donors by adopting Country Strategy Papers and Regional Strategy Papers are important but also the way that the strategies are conceived. Again civil society must play a consistent role throughout this process to both lend it legitimacy and provide crucial insights.
That said, we are well aware that European Commission external spending is set to increase by 4.5% per annum 2007-13, and that much of these increased funds will be focused on African, and also Caribbean and Pacific countries. We urge that this commitment be honoured in full as it is a fundamental aspect of the 2005 European Consensus on Development (endorsed by the 25 heads of state) which rightly prioritises poverty eradication and least developed countries. This includes of course that new targets for ODA (collectively providing 0.56% of GNI by 2010, as an intermediate step to achieving the UN target of 0.7% by 2015) are kept.
13. Mariana Abrantes de Sousa - April 5, 2007
African development needs are imense, and most African countries still need to improve their ability to use external aid. Best practices in planning, project development, implementation and monitoring could make a big impact if effectively generalized.
14. Erick Yamo- Kenya,Nairobi - April 25, 2007
Hellow to you all.
Thank for such anoble effort to try and bring together the lost tie between the African continent and the European.I find this innitiative so interesting as its amine field to dissects problems and find solutions to our continent
Looking around our mother continent,we have alot of problems that are self inflicted by individuals againts there on people.By so painting apicture of having to shade light on various issues i candidly welcome this initiative and i will soon provide what we see and feel should be address more so in my country Kenya.
We have alot to bring forth for the world to know and help.I see African leaders violating rights of there people, and are left scot-free and still keep on surpressing alot of development plans mooted and surported by donor and goodwill well wishers.
I well come this excercise and looking forward to offer my contribution very soon.I just want wish the team and board entrusted with this agenda that my surport is all the way coming and may God bless use.Until then have agood time
15. FQ - Maio 2007 - Moçambique - May 2, 2007
Os países africanos só se adaptarão à Ajuda externa, se puderem aceder ao desenvolvimento partindo de estratégias endógenas. Veja-se o fracasso das políticas de cooperação internacional, dos programas de reajustamento estrutural dos anos 90, da Ajuda condicionada, do constrangimentos das políticas do comércio… Enfim, o debate real não tem chegado a público
16. Wusu Babatunji - June 10, 2007
Certainly this is a new development African civil societies and European Groups has been longing for.Let join forces to safe our Continent African before the situations get out of hand.Firstly we need to address the Trade Instruments issues (EPAS).Where do we belong ?.Can this instruments be beneficial to all compare the major outcry of African Farmers.pls let us address EPAS first.
17. Kehinde Adeloye - June 24, 2007
I am very happy to discover the EU-Africa proposed unity between Europe and Africa.
I think it is very good if EU is ready in reality to give a heartly and a great assistace for the a good and future development that each and individual African can always be grateful to European Union
It is simple to fight against corruption in Africa and creat more peace in Africa
Africa needs discipline,a compelled school education and a free medical treatment .I am ready to lay more emphasis about this topic if this message could reach the appropriate department
18. Kehinde Adeloye,Augsburg-Germany - June 24, 2007
Africa needs European standard broad light of “Technology” for the intellectual Africans to be able to extend the technology further between one and other in order to reduce the unnecessary accumulated economic problems in Europe,among its own citizens
Fundermantal human Right must be introduced and compelled as from every Elementary school in Africa
19. Cristina - June 27, 2007
I was born in Mozambique and Africa is my homeland. Can’t as much as any normal person be satisfied with poverty, under development, refugees in such huge numbers as it is still the case. I almost died when listened Kohls comment! Thank God others sights are being runned. For when the polilical responsabilization on the “i don’t give a damn” on political responsibles that have people dying for lack of minimum life conditions? In Haia?
Comments received between 1 February and 26 June, 2007
1. Eyachew Tefera - Institute for African Studies, Slovenia - February 7, 2007
The concept map is very good, we have to do the public debate and awareness raising on very fundamental issues that matters and affects Africa and Europe, like democratic governance, tyranny, migration, humanright issues, trade, subsides, war and refuugees including extremism, home born civili societies, EU NGOs and their role, etc, the 5 EU-AFRICA or the 5 EU strategies to AFRICA, etc
2. Juan Luis MUÑOZ ARBONA (Spain) - February 7, 2007
Please let me offer you my help to collaborate in any issue concerning the new EU-African strategy where the Spanish autonomous City I am working for (Ceuta) has a very important role concerning migration issues, bearing in mind the massive assault by inmigrants in September 2005 of Ceuta and Melilla, the 2 spanish cities in the north of Africa.
14 innocent inmigrants died that day and the cities were administratively shocked… EC and EP visited Ceuta and Melillla and are starting to really know what are our needs,
One of our main problems is to better manage our inmigrant’s welcome centers (minors inmigrant centers as well) in our city where we give them better conditions to live in dignity while they wait for a better oportunity in Europe.
Please let me offer you our disposal to any working group concerning this area where we’re working hard in order to have better coordination and as a african city open to Africa and Europe.
Thank you very much for your attention,
JUAN LUIS MUÑOZ ARBONA
CIUDAD AUTÓNOMA de CEUTA
TEL: +32 (0) 474 532 041
3. Ebo Isaac Newton (Ghana) - February 13, 2007
This move needs to be commended. indeed it needs to.
The mind bugging question is what this partnership hopes to accomplish not losing fact of the other partnerships between these two continents. Playing with names and titles is interesting but this doesn’t shapen or help raise or achieve the goals already set in such organisations. The resources to be used for this partnership should be used in the assessment of current existing organisations to know their level of impact and correct the greater inefficiencies in achieving the well spelt out aims.
The new partnership as I believe will only try to look at the objectives of some these existing organisations under . Supporting existing with the required technical advice and policy formulation I believe will be beneficial.
The other side will ending other agreements or organisations whose functions are incorporated in the new partnership between the Southerners and some members of the North.
4. NGALIM Eugine Nyuydine - February 19, 2007
It is pleasure to have learnt of this AU-Eu initiative. The first time I got some detail explaination on the initiative especially from the youth perspective was when I met with Pablo of the North South Initiative during the Africa Development Forum V held in Addis Ababa, from November 16 - 18. The African Youth Forum for Peace (AYFP), whose cardinal objective is that of promoting youth initiatives on peace in Africa, look forward to contributing to the success of this AU-EU initiative. Don’t hesitate to contact us when ever need arises.
Ngalim Eugine Nyuydine
5. Stephen Orubor - March 13, 2007
The move to develope a joint EU-Africa Strategy is to say the least refreshingly pleasing and accordingly deserves accolades and support from all well meaning observers and commentators on EU-Africa parnership.This epochal move signposts the EU’s resolve to deliver on it Strategy for Africa, through forging a robust partnership between the EU and emergent African institutions like the AU and other regional blocks.This development, most salutarily,in my estimation, mirrors the most pointed invocation of the principles of equality, parnership and ownershp that have underpined EU-Afica relations over the decades but traces of which has sadly been missing in the past vistas of EU-Africa relations.The push to develope a joint EU- Africa Strategy should therefore be cautiously hailed as a true turning point in EU-Africa relations!
6. SETTE DIENG - June 6, 2007
The participation of trade union country sentres seem to be very important due to their legitimacy and role at the forefront of struggles for social justice and progress.
A special place then be granted to them in all CSO activities in the Joint EU - AU Strategy to reflect the opinions and actions of those who will face the real impact of the coming AU - EU partnership.
Trade union trainer and researcher
Participant of the Bad Honnef workshop
Comments received between 1 February and 26 June, 2007
1. Progressive Future Union - February 6, 2007
Thank the Europe for the helps to Africa. But we as a NGO does not get any benefit from those helps!
2. Tafadzwa Muropa - February 9, 2007
I would like to find out on how the civil society can work with the EU on HIV/AIDS programs in the Southern African region
Comments received between 1 February and 26 June, 2007
1. Gbolahan Olubowale (Nigeria) - February 19, 2007
I will like to align myself to the views expressed by Victor Onoviran from Nigeria which lays on the table some of the important things that should be done by the ecdpm to facilitate an all inclusive discussion that carries all stakeholders along and does not seems to be externally imposed.
It is a great pity that Africa that is abundantly endowed with human and natural resources is the most backward and underdeveloped of all the continents!!!
It is a great pity that after centuries of colonial plundering of the resources of Africa by the various colonial powers; independence was only granted “on paper” while neo-colonialism and imperially instigated destabilisation of emerging progressive minded leadership like Kwame Nkrumah, Patrice Lumubma, Obafemi Awolowo, Nelson Mandela, etc were were encouraged and actively promoted.
It is a pity that ecdpm secretariat does not include any credible African voice and this is urgently needed for the whole process to be ajudged credible.
It is a pity that while at the end of the 2nd World War, Europe which was mostly destroyed by the Nazis was quickly rebuilt by the “Marshall plan” with active assistance from USA which made Germany to re-emerge as an economic super power while most African countries after independence were further destabilised and destroyed e.g Angola, Zaire,Ghana, Sudan, etc.
I want to believe that this is not another attempt at having a huge jamboree with little to show at the end of the day.
Making Africa to work and develop is in the best interest of not only Europe but the entire world as the purchasing power and standard of living of the totally liberated populace on the continent is waiting to be fully utilised.
Africa was meant to be great.
Africa will yet be great; if all hands can come on deck to empower the continent and her people to overcome centuries of entrenched despoilation, destabilisation and underdevelopment.
I and my colleagues at the Centre for Rural Health and Development [CRHD], Saki,Oyo State, Nigeria will like to make our services available to the ecdpm secretariat towards making this process more inclusive and all embracing.
2. Artur Victoria (Portugal) - February 19, 2007
For the last 40 years Africa has faced difficult times and this has been due to various weaknesses in government. One of them is the lack of skills.
The Commission for Africa refers to good governance, by creating the right policies, key people in the right places to make the country to move forwards and also be made responsible for their decisions and actions
Outside help from International institutions have included a legal system and fair police, but none training is done for this to work.
Education and development of skills are areas of great importance for the implementation of proper communication within ministers to improve the general outlook of acknowledgements also the support for National policies and programs.
Countries like Angola are rich in mineral wealth like oil and money comes from the oil and diamonds. However poverty is generalized and refugees and no infra a structure in relocation of populations brings a devastating lack on health and education with immeasurable consequences.
3. F. BUMA (Cameroon) - February 21, 2007
Artur Victoria (Portugal) - February 19, 2007
“The Commission for Africa refers to good governance, by creating the right policies, key people in the right places to make the country to move forwards…”
Point of correction: Africa is not a country !!! Get this right once and for all. It is disgusting and extremely pathetic that in the 21st Century people, mostly Europeans and Americans, keep deceiving themselves and others that Africa is a country. Please get your geography right. Even journalists and government officials are surprising me. Africa is a continent made up of more than 50 countries. Only D.R. Congo alone is more than 1/4 of the whole of Western Europe.
Regarding the EU-Africa Joint Strategy, i must say any consultations and discussions should be on a level-playing field, with equally determined rules of the game. The time has past when European countries, especially France and the United Kingdom would concoct stereotype rules, principles, and solutions to impose or pressurize ‘African heads of States’ to accept them. We see you coming at a distance. While you have spent more than 200 years studying our resources, we have been studying your souls.
I want to believe that the EU will learn from the failures of France in Africa [Algeria, Ivory Coast, Nigeria-Biafra war, Chad, Centrafrique (C.A.R), Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, D.R. Congo, Burundi and Rwanda]. FranceAfrique (france-a`-fric) is history and will remain so. The rules of the game must to be changed. Any relationship/partnership/cooperation between the EU and Africa should be based on equality, equity, dignity, mutual interests and respect. I mean respect for one another; for human beings, respect for sovereignty, and the rule of law. Watch out, we can already read you coming to preach principles of ownership.
We cannot claim to be supporting democracy in Ivory Coast, while at the same time enforcing tyranny in Chad, Togo, Guinea-Conakry, C.A.R and Congo. We cannot be promoting globalisation while closing our markets, frontiers, and asking others to open theirs for us! Preaching free trade and non-subsidies, while subsidizing our farmers.
I am of the opinion that Africa does not need Aid, because the so-called Aid is worse than the case of the Greeks offering gifts (Trojan horse). Africa needs and deserves TRADE ON EQUAL TERMS. We all know that there is only INTERESTS in international relations. So, please keep your gifts for yourselves because they are encouraging corruption in Africa and hiding your own corruption over there. After all, there are equally a huge number of poor people (junkies) in your backyards as there are in Africa.
EU-Africa Joint Strategy: Equality is Equity. The EU is welcomed if it is coming with clean hands. If you want equity, you must do equity. No raw deals, please. Remember, CHINA, RUSSIA, IRAN, and VENEZUELA are proving more worthy of trust, and are just next door!!!
4. Dr S Abudulai - February 22, 2007
I begin my comments by saying bravo to the EU for providing this opportunity for participation in its policy development process. That is the first thing we need in the relationship between Africa and the EU - sincere, open dialogue on issues of common interest.
Yes I believe there are issues of common interest as follows:
1. Alleviating Poverty and Social Injustice
Many EU countries, through governmental and non-governmental agencies are making massive contributions to addressing problems of access to good drinking water, health services, food security and thr protection of freedoms through good governance systems. In my view, the EU should deepen its capacity to support participatory processes so that rural and urban communities in Africa can have a voice in decision-making processes that seek to address their problem. Who else knows how heavy a load is than the person carrying it? We need to fine tune mechanisms for strengthening the links between decentralised government institutions and those of traditional governance institutions upon whom the majority of people depend for access to land, natural resources and day to day governance. For years, lip service has been paid to decentralisations but little done to forge workable, relevant links. This way, service provisions, cost-recovery, management, and other issues can be openely discussed and agreed rather than being imposed on unsuspecting people.
2. Climate Change and Environment
I think the EU should address the issue of climate change from the point of view of current impact on farming communities. It is all well and good exploring ways of claiming carbon credits in future, but what should we do to help farmers affecting by the extreme vagaries of climate or those losing livestock from drought and other natural phenomena. Again, consultation with communities on these issues could begin the long process of recuperating degraded environments by communities supported to address current food security challenges and accompanied to protect natural resources for the longer-term good. NGOs, governments, and traditional institutions need to work together.
EU policy on this would be timely but the focus should probably be a holistic approach - looking at what leads young women into unequal and often exploitative sexual relationships, dropping out of mainstream education, and not having the right information on the dangers of unprotected sex with multiple partners. This may sound simple, but I see very little done in work with schools, community youth groups, women’s groups, men’s groups and other fora that exist to promote social development. The use of audio-visual tools to share experience from other parts of the world would enhance access to information. Again, we need to support agencies working with commercial sex workers, street children and other vulnerable groups with information and legal protection. From an EU level, this might mean inter-governmental working groups on finding solutions to these problems which may either already be highlighted in Poverty Reduction Strategy documents, MDG assessment reports and NGO studies; either way there is a capacity for informed intervention.
4. Youth Development and working with vulnerable groups
One important area that I feel we need clear and supportive policies is EU intervention on youth work. Young people get caught up in conflicts, drugs, urban crime and other negative social ills because they are completely at a loss as to what to do with themselves. As children growing up in rural areas, most of our time was spent going to farms, fetching fuelwood, wildfruit chasing and at night listening to stories from our elders. Those are not overglorified days because I then had to walk 6 kilometres to and from school daily and would sometimes travel 150 miles to secondary school without enough pocket money… to stay on campus for 8 weeks…! With the rapid changes experienced with globalisation, some of these value and support systems are dying out and there is no realistic alternative for the youth. I have been involved in programmes, some funded by the EU, to support vocational skills training. This was really helpful in providing skills, building self-esteem, and in some cases leading to young people forming support groups. What is often lacking is ongoing commitment to support youth initiatives with post-training support and also training in leadership and opportunities for leisure and the experience of youth…. ‘growing up’ in urban environments that are often alien, hostile and unprotective….
Youth development also emcompasses relevant education; one that provides support beyond mainstream classroom activities such as attachment to businesses, living with rural communities to experience life and in some cases reconnect with that way of life (the University of Development Studies in Northern Ghana has an excellent example of this whereby students are required to live with these communities for a minimum period irrespective of their course of studies … excellent!). This also includes access to education by girls, disabled people, nomadic communities and other vulnerable groups….
5. Our mothers, sisters, aunties … women
This might sound cliche, but I feel we need to find ways of valuing and rewarding women’s knowledge. In rural areas, women are often responsible for food preparations, adding value to agricultural products, looking at crops, harvesting, etc. yet i don’t know if there are systematic ways of capturing this knowlegde and sharing it with the younger generation or indeed building this into development plans and actions. I am not sure how one creates the interface between community level knowledge systems, research work done so far and policy development processes…. I am sure the EU has the capacity to build this into their plans or at least find the right expertise to do so…
5. Abdulkadir Khalif Sh. Yusuf - February 24, 2007
Europe and Africa share so many things that tie their destinies intertwined for ever. Beautiful and bitter past was shared, including ancient trade links, the incursion of Muslims into the Iberian and Balkan peninsulas, and the infamous slave and colonial legacy. Any discussion towards forming brighter collaborations between the two peoples must be based on fair collaboration, bearing in mind the unique links with their ups and downs. It is a matter of creating more ups than downs.
6. Tilder Kumichii Ndichia (Cameroon) - March 3, 2007
EU-AU cooperation is a key issues, which must be intended to enhance development. But the probems is that AU leaders often go i9n for any line of cooperation without a proper analysis of the benefits to their populations as well as the danger this can pose to thier population.
I think to have a real functional development cooperation, which is sustainable, the needs of the people whose lives will be affected in one way or the other must be taken into consideration. It is good for the EU to base their links to the AU on field realities so that development will be a matter of fact. There are many resources in African, especially human reources, which could be exploited whenever development intended agreements are to be signed. Such development initiatives must be adasptable to the African context.
7. Seyi - April 7, 2007
I believe that the strategy should be one that recognizes the different objectives of MAJOR African NGOs that work with Women, different national projects for Women. It would be unfortunate if their own specific objectives are swallowed up in the broad objectives of this Joint Strategy. There are many different and ‘big’ NGOs on the African continent. This strategy can assist by facilitating their networking and dealing with them as a single entity in light of the many identified broad objectives concerning women.
8. SETTE DIENG - May 24, 2007
As atrade unionist having participated to the Bad Honnef meeting as member of the gewerkschaftliche westafrikanische Regionale Arbeits Kreis fuer Internationale Wirtcshaft en regionale intedration: entwicklung und Handels, I appreciated very much the discussions but on governance I intervened during the conference to point out that relativism on that matter by saying that there many models of governance would let free and cool all cicil south leaders of banana republics.
So, I think that it was recognized that basic principles like accountability, rule of law and rotation in office are benchmarks when and wherever you were.
So a cautious appreciation of the quality of governace isn’t said to help african civil society members and activists to tackle the social and political consequences of bad governance.
Comments received between 1 February and 26 June, 2007
«extra-ordinaires». Rien d'étonnant à ce qu'ils côtoient les plus grandes stars du globe pour une ambiance grand style, très show...